LATIHAN 70 SOAL ANALYTICAL EXPOSITION

The government should Provide rehabilitation Program for Drug Users

Drug users are actually ill people who need help. Rehabilitation is one of the main things they should get. Instead of punishing drug users in prisons, the government should provide rehabilitation for them.

Most users are actually victims of persuasive peddlers and they suffer from consuming the drugs. Therefore, by rehabilitating them, we are actually helping them out from traps, which they might accidentally step on.

If we only arrest drug users and send them to jail, this doesn't solve the problem as drug users will still be addicted unless proper rehabilitation is imposed to them. Providing rehabilitation programs for drug users and forcing them to participate in the programs is better than only arresting them and doing nothing to their illness. Only drug dealers, traffickers, and wholesalers should be imprisoned.

1. Most drug users get drugs from ....
    a. Jails
    b. Peddlers
    c. Traffickers
    d. Wholesalers
    e. Rehabilitation center 

2. Sending the drug users to prison is not a good solution because ....
    a. They can't consume harmful drugs
    b. They are treated normally
    c. They may still be infected with harmful drugs
    d. They can be freed as soon as possible
    e. They are given the whole recovery program

3. "...drug users will still be addicted unless proper rehabilitation is imposed to them."
    (Paragraph 3) The underlined word is closest in meaning to ....
    a. Influenced
    b. Treated
    c. Forced
    d. Burdened
    e. Implemented


Everybody should change their way of life to reduce global warming. There are several things that we can do. One of them is by buying and consuming fresh local groceries as much as possible. It of course includes local vegetables, fruits, bread, etc.

Local groceries don’t need much transportation to get it into the market. It of course means, the amount of carbon dioxide produced is less than the groceries from other region. Therefore, by buying local groceries we are helping reduce the amount of carbon dioxide produced.

Consuming fresh groceries instead of frozen ones are healthier for us. Furthermore, fresh food or groceries means no requirements for it to be freeze up. It means that no electricity is needed and saving energy means reducing carbon dioxide and money.

So, from now on we should consume fresh local groceries to reduce global warming.

4. The text gives us information about ….
    a. The ways to minimize global warning
    b. The ways to increase global warning
    c. The effects of global warning
    d. The importance of consuming local groceries
    e. The importance of knowing global warning

5. To reduce the global warming we should ….
    a. Buy import product
    b. Buy expensive clothes
    c. Consume frozen foods
    d. Consume fresh foods
    e. Not use electricity efficiently

6. We are helping reduce the amount of global warming” (Paragraph 2) The underlined word can be replaced by ….
    a. Increase
    b. Decrease
    c. Improve
    d. Add
    e. Maximize


The use of formalin and other dangerous preservatives in food has been serious problem for three reasons. Firstly, formalin is not for human beings, but it is for biological specimens and experiments. Formalin in Biology is a 10% solution of formaldehyde in water which is usually used as a disinfectant or to preserve biological specimens. Thus, it is not for food preservatives. Of course when it is used for food preservative, it will be very dangerous to human’s body.
The second reason is that there is no tight control from the government. This condition makes the people’s health is really in a threat. When the control is weak and the use formalin was spread wide all over the Indonesian regions, and these days it has really happened, the citizen's bodies will be badly contaminated with the poisons. Fish or food traders still sell their products which contain formalin and dangerous preservatives. Can you imagine that our digestive system absorbs the substance that should be for the human and animal corpses?

Considering the reasons, we can make a conclusion that the use of formalin and other preservatives is really a serious problem if it is not resolved immediately.

7. Why is formalin dangerous for human`s body?
    a. It is not food preservatives
    b. It is a disinfectant for human beings
    c. It is used to preserve biological specimens
    d. It is 10% solution of formaldehyde in water
    e. It is controlled flighty from the government

8. The main idea of paragraph two is ....
    a. The human`s bodies will be harmful after consuming the formalin
    b. The government has not controlled the use of formalin firmly
    c. The weak control of using formalin is not threatening the human
    d. The human`s bodies will be harmful after consuming the formalin
    e. The use of formalin is known all over the regions

9. Based on the facts above, the writer suggest that ... .
    a. People have to avoid consuming formalin in their food
    b. The use of formal dehyde is necessary to control the food
    c. People should add 100% solution of formaldehyde in water
    d. The food preservative is required to make the food delicious
    e. Food seller is supposed to pour formalin for vegetables and food products

10. What is the generic structure of the text?
    a. Arguments-Recommendation-Thesis
    b. Thesis-Argument-Recommendation
    c. Thesis-Argument-Reiteration
    d. Thesis-Supporting Points-Contrasting Points-Reiteration
    e. Reiteration-Arguments-Thesis


Antibiotic is a drug produced by certain microbes. Antibiotics destroy other microbes that damage human tissues. They are used to treat a wide variety of diseases, including gonorrhea, tonsillitis, and tuberculosis.

Antibiotics are sometimes called “Wonder drugs” because they can cure diseases such as meningitis, pneumonia, and scarlet fever. But, when the antibiotics are overused or misused, these drugs make a person sensitive being attacked by a superbug.

Antibiotics do not always distinguish between harmless and dangerous microbes. If a drug destroys too many harmless microorganism, the pathogenic ones (the dangerous microbes) will have a greater chance to multiply. This situation often leads to the development of a new infection called suprainfection.

Extensive use of some antibiotics may damage organs and tissues. For example, streptomycin, which is used to treat tuberculosis, has caused kidney damage and deafness.

Resistance to antibiotics may be ecquired by pathogenic microbes. The resistant microbes transfer genetic material to non-resistant microbes and cause them to become resistant. During antibiotic treatment, non-resistant microbes are destroyed, but resistant types survive and multiply.

To avoid the side effect of antibiotics, you’d better not urge your doctor to prescribe antibiotics. Keep in mind that antibiotics are only useful for bacterial infections and have no effect on viruses, so they cannot be used for chicken pox, measles, and other viral diseases.

11. Which diseases cannot be cured by antibiotics?
    a. Tonsillitis
    b. Meningitis
    c. Chicken pox
    d. Tuberculosis
    e. Scarlet fever

12. What are discussed in paragraph two and four?
    a. Both paragraphs describe how antibiotics work
    b. Both paragraphs tell about the effects of misusing antibiotics
    c. Both paragraphs explain how antibiotics damage organs and tissues
    d. Paragraph two tells what causes the pathogenic microbes multiply and paragraph four tells how the un-resistant microbes become resistant
   e. Paragraph two tells how antibiotics destroy harmless microbes and paragraph four describes how the pathogenic microbes transfer genetic material to non-resistant microbes

13. Choose one from the following which is not the effect of using antibiotics improperly?
    a. Organs and tissues are damaged
    b. The pathogenic microbes multiply
    c. Harmless microorganisms are destroyed
    d. Pathogenic microbes become nonresistant
    e. New infection which is called suprainfention develops

14. “Antibiotics do not always distinguish between harmless and dangerous microbes.”(paragraph 2)
The underlined word means ....
    a. Vary
    b. Compare
    c. Correlate
    d. Contradict
    e. Differentiate


The number of high-rise apartment buildings continues to mushroom not only in the center of the city but also in suburban areas. This shows that many Indonesian enjoy living in apartments. This is true for a number of reasons.

In the first place, people prefer to live in an apartment because it is located near strategic areas. They can save time and energy as they don’t have to experience terrible traffic jam.

In addition, they enjoy the new life style because an apartment offers comfort and privacy so they don’t have to worry about the city’s high crime rate as most apartments have 24-hour security systems.

Moreover, people now enjoy practicality and this is reflected in the design of their place. Living rooms become smaller and a veranda is no longer considered an important part of the house.

From the facts above, it is clear that apartments offer practical living which thus make them mustrooming.

15. According to paragraph two, what does an apartment offer?
    a. Comfort
    b. Security
    c. Practicality
    d. Privacy
    e. Safety

16. It can be inferred from the text that ....
    a. Many Indonesian people right now enjoy living in a small house
    b. Practicality means security
    c. People prefer living in an apartment because it is located near office areas
    d. Living in an apartment creates practical lifestyle
    e. Secure life style is mostly preferred now

17. “The number of high-rise apartment buildings continues to mushroom not only in the center.... “ (Paragraph 1) The underlined word is closest meaning to....
    a. Increase
    b. Enhance
    c. Boost
    d. Intensify
    e. Raise


The popularity of mobile devices has had some dangerous consequences. We know that mobile communications are linked to a significant increase in distracted driving which results in injury and loss of life.

The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration reported that in 2010 driver distraction was the cause of 18 percent of all fatal crashes with 3,092 people killed and crashes resulting in an injury 416,000 people wounded.

The Virginia Tech Transportation Institute found that text messaging creates a crash risk 23 times worse than driving while not distracted.

Eleven percent of drivers aged 18 to 20 who were involved in an automobile accident and survived admitted they were sending or receiving texts when they crashed. Distracted driving endangers life and property and the current levels of injury and loss are unacceptable.

18. What is the main idea of the passage?
    a. The warning of texting and driving.
    b. The debatable issue of texting and driving.
    c. The involvement of mobile devices while driving.
    d. The risks of texting while driving.
    e. The consequences of not paying attention traffic.

19. What does the passage tell us about the writer's opinion on the issue at hand?
    a. Text messaging creates more risk than undistracted driving.
    b. Mobile communication doesn't have relation with accident.
    c. Many people lost their live because of injury.
    d. Distracted driving is still safe for the drivers.
    e. Only adult drivers involved in the accident.

20. From the text, we know that ...
    a. The mobile phone should be banned in the street.
    b. Distracted driving makes accident more rarely to happen.
    c. Most of the accident caused by the condition of the road.
    d. 18 percent of fatal crashes were caused by unnoticed street signs.
    e. Drivers involved in car accidents admitted they were texting when they crashed.

21. Distracted driving endangers life ... it is not an acceptable action
    a. As
    b. If
    c. So
    d. And
    e. Yet


Nowadays, the police have been applying the new regulation concerning the use of seat belts. In European countries, this regulation has been applied for a long time. However, this new regulation has become controversial and is an interesting topic to discuss. Here are some of the arguments.

The use of seat belts has been proven to reduce the risk of injury or death in an accident. Seat belt has become a standard component in cars. The research shows that most car accident will cause an injury to the head. Frequently, drivers or the passengers driving without seat belts die because of this. By wearing the seat belts, the injury will not happen since belts restrain our body on the car seat when the accident happens.

Unfortunately, many cars, especially the old ones, don’t have seat belts. This is because the traffic conditions in the past were unlike the recent traffic conditions. The designer of old cars didn’t consider a seat belt as an important part. Besides, the drivers wearing the seat belt will think that they are completely safe, so they may drive carelessly. They are safe, indeed, but how about safety of others?

The seat belt is only one of the ways to reduce the risk of car accidents. It doesn’t mean that we are completely safe. In short, our safety depends on ourselves.

22. Which one is true according to paragraph 3?
    a. old cars do not use seat belts
    b. the old cars have seat belts for their safety
    c. the drivers wearing seat belts may drive carefully
    d. the traffic conditions in the past were similar to the recent
    e. the old cars’ designer considered a seat belt as an important part

23. What is the function of seat belts?
    a. to reduce the traffic conditions
    b. to become a standard component in cars
    c. to reduce the risk of injury or death in an accident
    d. to prevent the drivers driving cars carefully
    e. to increase the risk of injury in car accidents

24. Who considered a seat belt as an unimportant part?
    a. police
    b. people
    c. drivers
    d. passengers
    e. old cars designers

25. “… that they are completely safe.” (Paragraph 3)
What does the word ‘they’ refer to?
    a. cars
    b. seat belts
    c. drivers
    d. designers
    e. others



 HOUSE HUSBAND’S HEART RISK

Most people assume that life in the rat race is bad for your health. But reversing the traditional gender roles, being a house husband is a stressful business, according to the latest research by American scientist. By giving up their jobs in order to become house husbands, men increase their risk of heart attack or coronary disease by as much as 82%, according to research based on 10 year study of 2,500 people in Boston, USA.
Accoding to Dr. Elaine Eaker, the key to the problem is that some men became stressed about performing a role not traditionally assigm to them by society. Men who stays at home tend not to have the same levels of support from friends and family as women do the same.
Jack O’Sullivan, of the Father’s Direct, was quoted as saying: “Society expects the main career should be a woman and society is structured around that. Day care is called mother and toddler groups and some men feel awkward about belonging to those groups.
Professor Gary Cooper, a psychologist at the University of Manchester, said many men tend to underestimate the task of caring for a family. He said “Most men think being a house husband involves putting on a bit of washing, taking the kids to school and then putting their feet up with a cup of coffee.
They are crazy. Most men are not used to performing a variety of activities simultanously – the kind of multi-tasking which is second nature to most women.
It is estimated that men have taken over the main homemaker’s role in one in seven homes, as increasing numbers of women become the main breadwinner. The study also found that women in high-powered jobs were more likely to develop heart disease than those in more junior positions.


26. The main idea of the first paragraph is…
     a. People living in the rat race tend to have heart attacks.
     b. The research on house-husbands health involved 2,500 people.
     c. Scientists did some research on the people’s health living in Boston.
     d. House-husbands have understandable reasons why they gave up their jobs.
     e. The result of the research showed that house-husbands tend to have heart attacks.

27. “some men became stressed about performing a role not traditionally assigm to them by society.” (paragraph 2)
The statement above is the result of research done by…
     a. A psychologist
     b. Jack O’Sullivan
     c. Dr Elaine Eaker
     d. An American scientist
     e. Prof. Gary Cooper

28. Professor Gary Cooper the purpose of the text is…
     a. To describe what a house husband is.
     b. To persuade readers not to become a house husband.
     c. To report the result of a research carried on by Dr Elaine Eaker.
     d. To explain to readers why house husbands are subjects to heart attack.
     e. To inform readers that 82% of house husbands suffer from heart attack.

29. Some house husbands become stressed because…
     a. They are jobless
     b. They earn less than their wives.
     c. Most people do not respect them.
     d. They do not join the daycare groups.
     e. They are not used to doing house keeping.



The importance of Reading

I personally think that reading is a very important activity in our life. Why do I say so? Firstly, by reading we can get a lot of knowledge about many things in the world such as Science, technology. Sports, arts, culture, etc written in either books, magazine, newspaper, etc.

Secondly, by reading we can get a lot of news and information about something happening in any parts of the world which can we see directly.

Another reason, reading can give us pleasure too. When we are tired, we read books, newspaper or magazine on the entertainment coloumn such as comedy, short story, quiz, etc. To make us relaxed.

The last, reading can also take us to other parts of the world. By reading a book about Irian Jaya we may feel we’re really sitting in the jungles not at home in our rooms.

From the facts above, it’s obvious that everyone needs to read to get knowledge, information and also entertainment. Or in summary we can say reading is truly important in our life.

30. Why is reading very important in our life? Because…..
     a. By reading, we can get a lot of friends, relatives, experience, etc.
     b. By reading, we can get little knowledge but a lot of entertainment.
     c. By reading, we are always relaxed.
     d. By reading, we are always happy.
     e. By reading we can get a lot of knowledge, news, information and entertainment

31. If we want to get knowledge, what should we do?
     a. buy a lot of books
     b. borrow a lot of books
     c. look for newspaper and magazine
     d. sell and buy many expensive books
     e. Read a lot of books and other printed materials.

32. What does the text tell us about?
     a. The description of reading
     b. The function of reading
     c. The importance of reading
     d. The disadvantages of reading
     e. The purpose of reading

33. What is the social function of the text?
     a. To tell a story
     b. To describe the reader
     c. To entertain the reader
     d. To give information
     e. To persuade the reader

34. Paragraph…. In the text is the thesis.
     a. 1
     b. 2
     c. 3
     d. 4
     e. 5



Smoking in Restaurant

Smoking in restaurants is just not on. It must not be allowed because it is rude, harmful to others and dangerous for the smokers.

Firstly, smoking in a restaurant is impolite. The smell of the smoke affects all people and can turn them off their food. People pay to taste good food and not to be put off by foul smelling smoke.

Another reason smoking should not be allowed in restaurant is the harm it can do to others. Passive smoking that is breathing in smoke made by a smoker can lead to asthma attacks and even cancer.

Finally, smoking is dangerous and a health risk to the smokers. Cigarettes cause heart and lung disease and people should not smoke anywhere, not just in restaurants.

Therefore, smoking in restaurants is impolite, harmful to others and a health risk to the smokers and should not be allowed in any restaurants.

35. Smoking in the restaurants must be avoided because……
     a. It is harmful to others
     b. It is impolite
     c. It’s dangerous to the smokers
     d. It can cause hearth and lung disease
     e. All answers are correct

36. We have many reasons to say that smoking must be avoided. The word reasons mean…..
     a. conclusion
     b. point of view
     c. argument
     d. reinforcement
     e. statement

37. Since we can find a thesis, arguments and reiteration in the text, so we can conclude that this text belongs to…..
     a. description
     b. narration
     c. anecdote
     d. procedure
     e. analytical exposition

38. What is the purpose of the text?
     a. To inform the readers to the readers
     b. To persuade to the readers
     c. To describe to the readers
     d. To tell a story to the readers
     e. To argue about smoking to the readers

39. The synonym of the word dangerous in the text is……
     a. rude
     b. impolite
     c. health risk
     d. harmful
     e. disease

40. Smoking in restaurants is just not on. It must not be allowed because it is rude, harmful to others and dangerous for the smokers.
The sentence above characterize as….. of the text.
     a. thesis
     b. arguments
     c. reiteration
     d. topic sentence
     e. supporting details

41. Smoking in restaurant should not be allowed. It means that…..
     a. people should do smoking in restaurant
     b. people should not do smoking in restaurant
     c. people must not smoking in restaurant
     d. people must not smoke in restaurant
     e. people should smoke in restaurant



Learning English

Learning English through music and songs can be very enjoyable. You can mix pleasure with learning when you listen to a song and exploit the song as a means to your English progress. Some underlying reason can be drawn to support the idea why we use songs in language learning.

Firstly, “the song stuck in my head” Phenomenon (the echoing in our minds of the last song we heard after leaving a restaurant, shopping malls, etc) can be both enjoyable and sometimes unnerving. This phenomenon also seems to reinforce the idea that songs work on our short-and-long term memory.

Secondly, songs in general also use simple conversational language, with a lot of repetition, which is just what many learners look for sample text. The fact that they are effective makes them many times more motivating than other text. Although usually simple, some songs can be quite complex syntactically, lexically and poetically, and can be analyzed in the same way as any other literary sample. 

Furthermore, song can be appropriated by listener for their own purpose. Most pop songs and probably many other types don’t have precise people, place or time reference.

In addition, songs are relaxing. They provide variety and fun, and encourage harmony within oneself and within one group. Little wonder they are important tools in sustaining culture, religion, patriotism and yeas, even revolution.

Last but not least, there are many learning activities we can do with songs such as studying grammar, practicing selective listening comprehension, translating songs, learning vocabulary, spelling and culture.

From the elaboration above, it can be concluded that learning through music and songs, learning English can be enjoyable and fun.

1. The type of the text above?
2. What is the communicative purpose of the text?
3. The generic structures of the text are ….
4. What is the text about ….
5. Based on the text, how many reasons to use songs in language learning?
6. They provide variety and fun, and encourage harmony within oneself and within one group.”
The underlined word refers to ….
7. Which paragraph is called arguments?
8. Usually we call as the last paragraph?
9. What tense is mostly used in the text?
10. What conclusions learning through music and song?


Illegal Logging
Illegal Logging is really a problematic case in this country. There are three reasons why it is the case.
Firstly, the illegal logging has threatened the people who live in the countryside around or under the area. The bald forest or hills make a big danger when the rainy seasons come. The great quantity of water can create landslides since there are no enough trees to hold the water and land. We have seen the landslide disasters which happened in many areas in Indonesia. The number of the areas struck by landslide has increased.
The second reason is that the uncontrolled trees felling seems to go on without any significant effort of the government to stop it. According to some news sources in Newspaper and news program on TV, the activities of illegal cutting of the trees in some regions are actually known b the government officers. The police and local government let them cut the threes because they are given much money for themselves. They do not think their actions endanger the people around the forests. Therefore, it can be said that illegal logging is illegal but known by the officers.
The third is that the illegal felling of the forest trees can destroy the natural ecosystem. When the forest trees are continuously cut and the rein forestation is not done as the rule, the natural ecosystem is in a terrible danger. The system which is formed by the interaction between a community of organisms, including humans and animals, and their physical environment will be threatened. Human beings in several villages have been killed. Wide areas of farms are destroyed by the piles of mud and thousands of farm animals are killed and lost. Who are suffering ?
Based on the given reasons, uncontrolled illegal logging is a serious problem that needs to be solved immediately by both the government and citizens as the owners of the forest.

1. How many arguments are presented in the written exposition above ?
2. Whose lives are threatened by the illegal logging ? 
3. In what season do landslides usually happen ? why ?
4. Have the local government done something to prevent illegal logging ?
5. Can you mention the losses or victims of landslides ?
6. Why illegal logging destroy the natural ecosystem ?
7. Why must the problem of illegal logging be solved soon ?
8. Do you know the best way to handle this problem ?
9. What do some people do illegal logging for ?
10. What is your personal opinion about illegal logging ?



Use of Formalin and Other Additives in Foods

The use of Formalin and other dangerous preservatives in foods has been a serious problem for three reasons. Firstly, formalin is not for human beings, but it is for biological specimen and experiments. Formalin in Biology is a 10 % solution of formaldehyde in water which is usually used as a disinfectant or to preserve biological specimens. Thus, it is not for food preservative. Of course when it is used for food preservative, it will be very dangerous to humans’ body.
The second reason is that there is no tight control from the government. This condition makes the people’s health is really in threat. When the control is weak and the use of formalin was spread wide all over the Indonesian regions, and these days it has really happened, the citizens’ bodies will be badly contaminated with the poisons. Fish or food traders still sell their products which contain formalin and dangerous preservatives. Can you imagine that our digestive system absorbs the substance that should be for the human and animal corpses?
The third is that the difficult economy seems not end. This can make situation worse. We all know that today’s economy is very difficult. People buy daily products and fulfill their need with high costs. Things are getting more and more expensive. Consequently, the food production cost increases. For example, the preservation process for fish will be much cheaper f the producers use formalin. They know the danger of Formalin, but they don’t care about the other’s health. What is in their mind is only how to get profit.
Considering the reasons, we can make a conclusion that the use of formalin and other preservatives is really a serious problem if it is not resolved immediately.

1. What is the purpose of the text ?
2. What the tense is used in the text ?
3. What is the function of formalin actually ? 
4. Why do food producers like to use formalin actually ?
5. “ they know the danger of formalin, but they don’t care about the others’ health” ( paragraph 4).what does “ they” in the sentence refer to ?
6. Has the government controlled the use of formalin and other dangerous preservatives effectively? 
7. What can human being suffer if they consume formalin for a long time ? 
8. Do you think that the problem is very complicated ? Why ? 
9. What should be done about this matter ?






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